Interventricular delay interval optimization in cardiac resynchronization therapy guided by echocardiography versus guided by electrocardiographic QRS interval width

Matteo Bertini, Matteo Ziacchi, Mauro Biffi, Cristian Martignani, Davide Saporito, Cinzia Valzania, Igor Diemberger, Elena Cervi, Jessica Frisoni, Diego Sangiorgi, Angelo Branzi, Giuseppe Boriani
American Journal of Cardiology 2008 November 15, 102 (10): 1373-7
Present devices for cardiac resynchronization therapy offer the possibility of tailoring the hemodynamic effect of biventricular pacing by optimization of the interventricular delay (VV) beyond atrioventricular (AV)-interval optimization. It was not yet defined whether a QRS width-based strategy may be a helpful tool for echocardiography for device programming. The aim of the study was to investigate the relation between VV-interval optimization guided by echocardiography and guided by QRS interval width. One hundred six patients with a cardiac resynchronization therapy device for > or =3 months were enrolled. All patients underwent echocardiographic AV and VV delay optimization. The AV interval was optimized according to the E wave-A wave (EA) interval and left ventricular filling time. At the optimal AV delay, VV optimization was performed by measuring the aortic velocity time integral at 5 different settings: simultaneous right and left ventricle output, left ventricle pre-excitation (left ventricle + 40 and 80 ms, respectively), and right ventricle pre-excitation (right ventricle + 40 and 80 ms, respectively). A 12-lead electrocardiogram was recorded and QRS duration was measured in the lead with the greatest QRS width. The electrocardiographic (ECG)-optimized VV interval was defined according to the narrowest achievable QRS interval among 5 VV intervals. The echocardiographic-optimized VV interval was left ventricle + 40 ms in 28 patients, left ventricle + 80 ms in 15 patients, simultaneous in 46 patients, right ventricle + 40 ms in 14 patients, and right ventricle + 80 ms in 3 patients. Significant concordance (kappa = 0.69, p <0.001) was found between the echocardiographic- and ECG-optimized VV interval. In conclusion, significant concordance appeared to exist during biventricular pacing between VV programming based on the shortest QRS interval at 12-lead ECG pacing and echocardiographic-guided VV-interval optimization. A combined ECG- and echocardiographic approach could be a less time-consuming solution in performing this operation.

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