A Griscelli syndrome type 2 murine model of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)

Jana Pachlopnik Schmid, Chen-Hsuan Ho, Julien Diana, Gérard Pivert, Agnès Lehuen, Frédéric Geissmann, Alain Fischer, Geneviève de Saint Basile
European Journal of Immunology 2008, 38 (11): 3219-25
Griscelli syndrome type 2 is caused by mutations in the RAB27A gene and is a rare and potentially fatal immune disorder associated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Animal models could provide assistance for better understanding the mechanisms and finding new treatments. Rab27a-deficient (ashen) mice do not spontaneously develop HLH. When injected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) strain WE, Rab27a-deficient C57BL/6 mice developed wasting disease, hypothermia, splenomegaly, cytopenia (anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia), hypertriglyceridemia and increased levels of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, GM-CSF, IL-12, CCL5 and IL-10. Activated macrophages with hemophagocytosis were found in liver sections of these mice. Compared with perforin-deficient mice, LCMV-infected Rab27a-deficient mice showed a substantially better survival rate and slightly higher viral doses were needed to trigger HLH in Rab27a-deficient mice. This study demonstrates that LCMV-infected Rab27a-deficient C57BL/6 mice develop features consistent with HLH and, therefore, represent a murine model of HLH in human Griscelli syndrome type 2.

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