Stability of miniplates and miniscrews used for orthodontic anchorage: experience with 492 temporary anchorage devices

Yi-Jane Chen, Hao-Hueng Chang, Hsing-Yi Lin, Eddie Hsian-Hua Lai, Hsin-Chia Hung, Chung-Chen Jane Yao
Clinical Oral Implants Research 2008, 19 (11): 1188-96

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate systematically the potential factors that influence failure rates of temporary anchorage devices (TADs) used for orthodontic anchorage.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on 492 TADs (miniplates, pre-drilling miniscrews, and self-drilling miniscrews) in 194 patients were collected. The factors related to TAD failure were evaluated using univariate analysis and multivariate forward stepwise logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences in failure rates among the TADs for the following variables: gender, type of malocclusion, facial divergency, implantation site (buccal, lingual, or crestal/midpalatal), location (anterior or posterior), method of force application (power chain or Ni-Ti coil spring), arch (upper or lower), type of soft tissue (attached gingiva or removable mucosa), and most of the cephalometric measurements that reflect dento-cranio-facial characteristics. An increased failure rate was noted for the self-drilling miniscrew type of TAD, TADs used for tooth uprighting, those inserted on bone with lower density, those associated with local inflammation of the surrounding soft tissue, those loaded within 3 weeks after insertion, and those placed in patients with greater mandibular retrusion. Failure rates of the self-drilling miniscrews installed by an oral surgeon and by an orthodontist did not differ significantly.

CONCLUSIONS: Inflammation of soft tissue surrounding a TAD and early loading within 3 weeks after insertion were the most significant factors predicting TAD failure. Both orthodontists and oral surgeons who install orthodontic TADs must undergo sufficient training to achieve clinical excellence.

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