Exercise-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension

James J Tolle, Aaron B Waxman, Teresa L Van Horn, Paul P Pappagianopoulos, David M Systrom
Circulation 2008 November 18, 118 (21): 2183-9

BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of exercise-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is uncertain, and its existence has never been well studied by direct measurements of central hemodynamics. Using invasive cardiopulmonary exercise testing, we hypothesized that exercise-induced PAH represents a symptomatic stage of PAH, physiologically intermediate between resting pulmonary arterial hypertension and normal.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 406 consecutive clinically indicated cardiopulmonary exercise tests with radial and pulmonary arterial catheters and radionuclide ventriculographic scanning were analyzed. The invasive hemodynamic phenotype of exercise-induced PAH (n=78) was compared with resting PAH (n=15) and normals (n=16). Log-log plots of mean pulmonary artery pressure versus oxygen uptake (V(.)o(2)) were obtained, and a "join-point" for a least residual sum of squares for 2 straight-line segments (slopes m1, m2) was determined; m2<m1="plateau," and m2>m1="takeoff" pattern. At maximum exercise, V(.)o(2) (55.8+/-20.3% versus 66.5+/-16.3% versus 91.7+/-13.7% predicted) was lowest in resting PAH, intermediate in exercise-induced PAH, and highest in normals, whereas mean pulmonary artery pressure (48.4+/-11.1 versus 36.6+/-5.7 versus 27.4+3.7 mm Hg) and pulmonary vascular resistance (294+/-158 versus 161+/-60 versus 62+/-20 dyne x s x cm(-5), respectively; P<0.05) followed an opposite pattern. An exercise-induced PAH plateau (n=32) was associated with lower o(2)max (60.6+/-15.1% versus 72.0+/-16.1% predicted) and maximum cardiac output (78.2+/-17.1% versus 87.8+/-18.3% predicted) and a higher resting pulmonary vascular resistance (247+/-101 versus 199+/-56 dyne x s x cm(-5); P<0.05) than takeoff (n=40). The plateau pattern was most common in resting PAH, and the takeoff pattern was present in nearly all normals.

CONCLUSIONS: Exercise-induced PAH is an early, mild, and clinically relevant phase of the PAH spectrum.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.