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Endoscopic polypectomy resection of blue rubber bleb nevus lesions in small bowel.

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare disorder characterized by cutaneous and gastrointestinal (GI) venous malformations. The treatment of BRBNS is primarily supportive and ablative. Ablative therapy involves endoscopic or surgical treatment of GI venous malformations. We describe a 20-year-old woman who had multiple venous malformations all over the GI tract as well as cutaneous lesions. She had suffered from several episodes of melena, chronic anemia and fatigue for 10 years, which were treated temporarily by iron supplementation and blood transfusion. The endoscopic examination of the GI tract and total colonoscopy revealed multiple bluish sessile and polypoid venous malformations 2-3 cm in size throughout the GI tract. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) and polypectomy was done for all gastric and colonic lesions, respectively. Ileoscopy showed a large wide base vascular polypoid lesion at about 70 cm from the ileocecal valve with active bleeding; this was removed by snare polypectomy. One week later, she was discharged in good condition. At about 6 months' follow up she did not report any bleeding attack. Endoscopic polypectomy can be useful in patients with large and polypoid lesions of BRBNs which are not controlled with supportive therapy. Further experience is needed to evaluate the risks versus benefits of this approach.

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