Pharmacokinetics of budesonide and formoterol administered via 1 pressurized metered-dose inhaler in patients with asthma and COPD

Ann Tronde, Michael Gillen, Lars Borgström, Jan Lötvall, Jaro Ankerst
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2008, 48 (11): 1300-8
In 3 open-label studies, the systemic bioavailability of budesonide and formoterol administered via pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) or dry powder inhaler (DPI) formulations was evaluated in asthma (24 children, 55 adults) or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; n = 26) patients. Treatments were administered at doses high enough to estimate pharmacokinetic parameters reliably. Two of the studies included an experimental budesonide pMDI formulation. In study 1 (asthma, adults), budesonide area under the curve (AUC) was 32% and 31% lower and maximal budesonide concentration (C(max)) 45% and 56% lower after budesonide/formoterol pMDI and budesonide pMDI versus budesonide DPI. Formoterol AUC and C(max) were 13% and 39% lower after budesonide/formoterol pMDI versus formoterol DPI. In study 2 (asthma, children), budesonide AUC and C(max) were 27% and 41% lower after budesonide/formoterol pMDI versus budesonide DPI + formoterol DPI. In study 3 (COPD/asthma, adults), budesonide AUC and C(max) were similar and formoterol AUC and C(max) 18% and 22% greater after budesonide/formoterol pMDI versus budesonide pMDI + formoterol DPI (COPD). Budesonide and formoterol AUC were 12% and 15% higher in COPD versus asthma patients. In conclusion, systemic exposure generally is similar or lower with budesonide/formoterol pMDI versus combination therapy via separate DPIs or monotherapy and comparable between asthma and COPD patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"