JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Safety and efficacy of imatinib in chronic eosinophilic leukaemia and hypereosinophilic syndrome: a phase-II study

Georgia Metzgeroth, Christoph Walz, Philipp Erben, Helena Popp, Annette Schmitt-Graeff, Claudia Haferlach, Alice Fabarius, Susanne Schnittger, David Grimwade, Nicholas C P Cross, Rüdiger Hehlmann, Andreas Hochhaus, Andreas Reiter
British Journal of Haematology 2008, 143 (5): 707-15
18950453
This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of imatinib in chronic eosinophilic leukaemia (CEL, n = 23) and hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES, n = 13). In CEL with FIP1L1-PDGFRA (n = 16) or various PDGFRB fusion genes (n = 5), complete haematological remission (CHR) was achieved in 95% (20/21) after 3 months. Complete molecular remission (CMR) was seen in 75% (12/16) of cases with FIP1L1-PDGFRA positive CEL by 6 months, and in 87% (13/15) after 12 months. CMR was achieved in three of five PDGFRB fusion positive patients after 3, 9 and 18 months respectively. All patients are currently on imatinib (100 mg; n = 13, 400 mg; n = 8) and no molecular relapse has yet been observed (median 26.7 months; range, 6.9-39.9). Imatinib was less effective in HES and CEL without known molecular aberration (n = 15); CHR was observed in 40% (6/15) of patients, two patients relapsed after 4.8 and 24.5 months. Three patients died due to imatinib-resistant progressive CEL (n = 2) or myocardial infarction (n = 1) unrelated to study treatment. Overall, imatinib was well tolerated with a low incidence of grade III/IV toxicities. These data confirmed the long-term efficacy of imatinib for PDGFR-rearranged CEL patients, and also showed that a minority of HES cases without known molecular aberrations may benefit from imatinib.

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