Safety and efficacy of imatinib in chronic eosinophilic leukaemia and hypereosinophilic syndrome: a phase-II study

Georgia Metzgeroth, Christoph Walz, Philipp Erben, Helena Popp, Annette Schmitt-Graeff, Claudia Haferlach, Alice Fabarius, Susanne Schnittger, David Grimwade, Nicholas C P Cross, Rüdiger Hehlmann, Andreas Hochhaus, Andreas Reiter
British Journal of Haematology 2008, 143 (5): 707-15
This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of imatinib in chronic eosinophilic leukaemia (CEL, n = 23) and hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES, n = 13). In CEL with FIP1L1-PDGFRA (n = 16) or various PDGFRB fusion genes (n = 5), complete haematological remission (CHR) was achieved in 95% (20/21) after 3 months. Complete molecular remission (CMR) was seen in 75% (12/16) of cases with FIP1L1-PDGFRA positive CEL by 6 months, and in 87% (13/15) after 12 months. CMR was achieved in three of five PDGFRB fusion positive patients after 3, 9 and 18 months respectively. All patients are currently on imatinib (100 mg; n = 13, 400 mg; n = 8) and no molecular relapse has yet been observed (median 26.7 months; range, 6.9-39.9). Imatinib was less effective in HES and CEL without known molecular aberration (n = 15); CHR was observed in 40% (6/15) of patients, two patients relapsed after 4.8 and 24.5 months. Three patients died due to imatinib-resistant progressive CEL (n = 2) or myocardial infarction (n = 1) unrelated to study treatment. Overall, imatinib was well tolerated with a low incidence of grade III/IV toxicities. These data confirmed the long-term efficacy of imatinib for PDGFR-rearranged CEL patients, and also showed that a minority of HES cases without known molecular aberrations may benefit from imatinib.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"