Clinical experience with laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma

Masao Tsujihata, Norio Nonomura, Chikahiro Momohara, Kazuo Nishimura, Akira Tsujimura, Akihiko Okuyama
Urologia Internationalis 2008, 81 (3): 301-5

OBJECTIVES: We performed a comparative study of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) and open radical nephrectomy (ORN) for renal cell carcinoma, and a comparative study of transperitoneal (LRN-TP) versus retroperitoneal LRN (LRN-RP) for renal cell carcinoma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients underwent radical nephrectomy for stage T1 and T2 disease. Of the 100 cases, 34 (34.0%) were treated with LRN-TP, 33 (33.0%) with LRN-RP, and 33 (33.0%) with ORN. Each group was reviewed with respect to complications, postoperative convalescence, and the relationship between body mass index and operative time.

RESULTS: Mean operative times of LRN-TP, LRN-RP and ORN were 305.7, 296.2, and 218.1 min, and mean blood losses were 236.3, 101.7, and 690.5 ml, respectively. Body mass index and mean operative time exhibited equilateral correlation in the three groups. In one case (1.5%) of LRN (67 cases), conversion to open surgery was necessary due to bleeding, and LRN-TP was performed. In one case (1.5%), intraoperative complications occurred but could be managed laparoscopically. Three cases (9.1%) of ORN required blood transfusion.

CONCLUSIONS: LRN results in less blood loss, less postoperative pain, quicker oral intake, shorter hospitalization, and a more rapid recovery than ORN, although LRN requires longer operative time than ORN.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"