JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Postoperative pain and analgesic requirements after anesthesia with sevoflurane, desflurane or propofol

Argyro Fassoulaki, Aikaterini Melemeni, Anteia Paraskeva, Ioanna Siafaka, Constantine Sarantopoulos
Anesthesia and Analgesia 2008, 107 (5): 1715-9
18931237

BACKGROUND: General anesthetics may have nociceptive actions that affect postoperative pain. In studies evaluating postoperative pain, the effect of general anesthetics on analgesic requirements has not been considered except for one recent study suggesting that propofol anesthesia provides better analgesia after surgery than isoflurane.

METHODS: In this prospective, blind, randomized trial we recorded postoperative analgesic requirements (mg of morphine) and pain scores (visual analog scale in mm) 2, 4, 8, and 24 h postoperatively in patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy or myomectomy under sevoflurane, desflurane or propofol anesthesia, titrated to maintain Bispectral Index values between 35 and 45. Pain scores were also recorded immediately after transfer to the postanesthesia care unit.

RESULTS: Cumulative morphine consumption did not differ among the three groups 2, 4, 8, or 24 h postoperatively (P = 0.50). The morphine consumed within 24 h postoperatively was 28 +/- 13.8 mg in the sevoflurane group, 25 +/- 11.7 mg in the desflurane group and 27 +/- 16.1 mg in the propofol group. The visual analog scale values at rest or after cough immediately after patient transport to the postanesthesia care unit and 2, 4, 8, and 24 h after surgery did not differ among the three groups (P = 0.40, 0.39, 0.50, 0.47, 0.06 at rest and P = 0.67, 0.45, 0.22, 0.26, 0.29 after cough respectively).

CONCLUSION: Morphine consumption and pain 24 h postoperatively did not differ among the sevoflurane, desflurane, and propofol groups.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18931237
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"