Bone morphogenetic protein-9 induces apoptosis in prostate cancer cells, the role of prostate apoptosis response-4

Lin Ye, Howard Kynaston, Wen G Jiang
Molecular Cancer Research: MCR 2008, 6 (10): 1594-606
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) have been implicated in the development of bone metastases in prostate cancer. In this study, we investigated the role which BMP-9 played in prostate cancer and found that the expression of BMP-9 was decreased or absent in prostate cancer, particularly in the foci of higher grade disease. We further investigated the influence of BMP-9 on the biological behaviors of prostate cancer cells. The forced overexpression of BMP-9 prevented the in vitro growth, cell-matrix adhesion, invasion, and migration of prostate cancer cells. We also elucidated that BMP-9 induced apoptosis in PC-3 cells through the up-regulation of prostate apoptosis response-4. Among the receptors which have been implicated in the signaling of BMP-9, BMPR-IB and BMPR-II have also been implicated in the development and progression of prostate cancer. Knockdown of BMPR-IB or BMPR-II using respective hammerhead ribozyme transgenes could promote cell growth in vitro. We also found that BMPR-II is indispensable for the Smad-dependent signal transduction by BMP-9 in PC-3 cells, in which Smad-1 was phosphorylated and translocated from the cytoplasm into the nuclei. Taken together, BMP-9 inhibits the growth of prostate cancer cells due to the induced apoptosis, which is related to an up-regulation of prostate apoptosis response-4 through a Smad-dependent pathway. BMP-9 could also prevent the migration and invasiveness of prostate cancer. This suggests that BMP-9 may function as a tumor suppressor and apoptosis regulator in prostate cancer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"