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Antiallergic and anti-inflammatory effects of a novel I kappaB kinase beta inhibitor, IMD-0354, in a mouse model of allergic inflammation

Akemi Sugita, Hirohisa Ogawa, Masahiko Azuma, Susumu Muto, Akifumi Honjo, Hiroaki Yanagawa, Yasuhiko Nishioka, Kenji Tani, Akiko Itai, Saburo Sone
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 2009, 148 (3): 186-98
18849610

BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB is a transcription factor known to regulate allergy-associated cytokine and chemokine production related to the induction of inflammation. I kappaB kinase beta (IKK beta), which is responsible for activation of the NF-kappaB pathway, may be an ideal molecular target to inhibit this process. IMD-0354 [N-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-5-chloro-2-hydroxy-benzamide] is an attractive novel IKK beta inhibitor that prevents the production of inflammatory cytokines in various diseases, although it is not known if IMD-0354 is effective against allergic inflammation. This study aimed to elucidate the antiallergic effects of a newly synthesized IKK beta inhibitor, IMD-0354, in a mouse model of allergic inflammation.

METHODS: We generated ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice which were then challenged with OVA. IMD-0354 was administered intraperitoneally to therapeutic groups. Lung histopathology and the concentrations of cytokines and chemokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and supernatants of lung homogenates were determined.

RESULTS: Administration of IMD-0354 ameliorated airway hyperresponsiveness and reduced the numbers of bronchial eosinophils and mucus-producing cells in OVA-sensitized mice. The total numbers of cells and eosinophils in BALF were also reduced by treatment with IMD-0354. Treatment with IMD-0354 inhibited the production of Th2 cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-5 and IL-13 and eotaxin in the airways and/or lungs of OVA-sensitized mice, but it did not affect the restoration of Th1 cytokines such as IL-12 and interferon-gamma under the same experimental conditions. IgE production was also inhibited by IMD-0354.

CONCLUSION: A specific IKK beta inhibitor, IMD-0354, improved allergic airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in mice. IMD-0354 may have therapeutic potential for bronchial asthma.

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