Splenic abscess due to Streptococcus anginosus. Case report

A Lombardi, M Coppola, A Pennica, R Maglio, A Moscaroli, M Lo Russo, G Provenza
Il Giornale di Chirurgia 2008, 29 (8-9): 359-61
Splenic abscess is a rare condition. Haematogenous seeding to the spleen from an infection at a distant site, most often endocarditis, is been the most common predisposing condition but an increase has been observed in immuno-compromised patients too. Fever, leukocytosis and left upper quadrant pain are suggestive, but the signs and symptoms of splenic abscesses are often non-specific. Rare is the onset with diarrhoea as in our case. Ultrasound and computed tomography are reliable diagnostic tools. Splenectomy and antibiotics are the treatments of choice. We describe a case of splenic abscess with gas level and peritonitis from dissemination of Streptococcus anginosus (of Streptococcus millerii group) from duodenal ulcer contaminated. It was diagnosed with CT, ultrasound, and abdomen X-ray with contrast then treated with splenectomy and peritoneal lavage.

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