PD-1/PD-L1 expression in human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 carriers and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma patients

T Kozako, M Yoshimitsu, H Fujiwara, I Masamoto, S Horai, Y White, M Akimoto, S Suzuki, K Matsushita, K Uozumi, C Tei, N Arima
Leukemia 2009, 23 (2): 375-82
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) develops after infection with human T-cell leukemia virus-1 (HTLV-1) after a long latency period. The negative regulatory programmed death-1/programmed death-1 ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) pathway has been implicated in the induction of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) exhaustion during chronic viral infection along with tumor escape from host immunity. To determine whether the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway could be involved in the establishment of persistent HTLV-1 infections and immune evasion of ATLL cells in patients, we examined PD-1/PD-L1 expression on cells from 27 asymptomatic HTLV-1 carriers (ACs) and 27 ATLL patients in comparison with cells from 18 healthy donors. PD-1 expression on HTLV-1-specific CTLs from ACs and ATLL patients was dramatically elevated. In addition, PD-1 expression was significantly higher on CD8+ T cells along with cytomegalovirus (CMV)- and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific CTLs in ATLL patients compared with ACs and control individuals. Primary ATLL cells in 21.7% of ATLL patients expressed PD-L1, whereas elevated expression was not observed in cells from ACs. Finally, in functional studies, we observed that an anti-PD-L1 antagonistic antibody upregulated HTLV-1-specific CD8+T-cell response. These observations suggest that the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway plays a role in fostering persistent HTLV-1 infections, which may further ATLL development and facilitate immune evasion by ATLL cells.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"