Body-sway characteristics during a static upright posture in the elderly

Shin-Ichi Demura, Tamotsu Kitabayashi, Hiroki Aoki
Geriatrics & Gerontology International 2008, 8 (3): 188-97

AIM: This study aimed to determine the reliability and sex and age-level differences of body-sway parameters, based on center of pressure (COP) measurements, during a static upright posture in the elderly and to clarify their body-sway characteristics in comparison with those of young adults.

METHODS: The subjects were 50 healthy elderly and 50 healthy young adults. They had no evidence or known history of disorder. The data sampling frequency was 20 Hz. Thirty-six highly reliable parameters were selected from the following seven domains: distance; position; distribution of amplitude; area; velocity; power spectrum; and vector. In addition, four body-sway factors (unit time sway, front-back sway and a left-right sway and the high-frequency band power) were also measured.

RESULTS: In the elderly, most body-sway parameters had very high reliability and did not show significant sex or age-level differences. The degree of body sway was greater in the elderly than in young adults, and marked differences were found, especially in sway velocity and periodicity. The four body-sway factors showed almost the same tendency as the 32 sway parameters.

CONCLUSION: We judged that the body sway in the elderly showed large individual differences. Approximately 10% of the elderly subjects may be outside the standard range as compared to young adults, mainly in parameters relating to velocity and spectrum. Because the body-sway characteristics of the elderly are considerably different from those of young adults, we may need unique criteria to evaluate their body sway.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"