Piriformis muscle syndrome: an underdiagnosed cause of sciatica

Z Durrani, A P Winnie
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 1991, 6 (6): 374-9
This is a retrospective review of 26 patients with sciatica due to the piriformis muscle syndrome. Most patients had pain in the buttock area and sciatica, and most experienced difficulty walking and sitting, even for short periods of time. Reproduction of the sciatica upon deep palpation, either by gluteal or rectal route, was diagnostic. Reproduction of sciatica occurred in 92% of the patients upon deep digital palpation and in 100% of the patients upon rectal or pelvic examination. Other signs were helpful but not consistent. After the appropriate diagnosis, the treatment was relatively easy and rewarding. This study emphasizes that the diagnosis of piriformis muscle syndrome is clinical; without the appropriate clinical examination, it can be easily misdiagnosed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"