Inflammatory pathways in malaria infection: TLRs share the stage with other components of innate immunity

Laura K Erdman, Constance A M Finney, W Conrad Liles, Kevin C Kain
Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 2008, 162 (2): 105-11
Severe forms of malaria infection claim over 1 million lives annually. One aspect of severe malaria pathogenesis is an excessive or dysregulated inflammatory response to infection. With the characterization of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which initiate inflammation upon detection of microbial products, involvement of TLRs in the host response to malaria has undergone intense investigation. While TLRs appear to mediate inflammation in malaria infection and may contribute to development of severe malaria, it is unlikely that they operate in isolation from other components of innate immunity. Here, we highlight recent findings implicating other innate immune mechanisms in the host inflammatory response to malaria, propose how they may integrate and synergize with TLR pathways, and discuss opportunities and challenges associated with anti-inflammatory adjunctive therapy for the treatment of severe malaria.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"