JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Role of smoking and nicotine in neuropsychiatric disorders: evidence for therapeutic role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors]

Hisatsugu Miyata
Japanese Journal of Psychopharmacology 2008, 28 (4): 149-58
18800618
The role of smoking and nicotine in various neuropsychiatric disorders has been attracting increasing attention. Recently, investigations into the neurobiological properties of brain nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have led to an improved understanding of their role in the above disorders, alpha4beta2 and alpha7 subunit containing nAChRs are predominantly identified in the brain among all types of nAChRs composed of nine alpha (alpha2 to alpha10) and three beta (beta2 to beta4) subunits. These receptors play important roles in attention, memory, and cognition and participate in the pathogenesis of several neuropsychiatric disorders (schizophrenia, depression, anxiety disorders, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders, Tourette's syndrome, and autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy). For the majority of these disorders, the use of nAChRs agonists may represent either a prophylactic (especially for Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases) or a symptomatic treatment. The possible mechanisms underlying these beneficial effects as well as the characteristics and potential therapeutic use of new, subtype-selective nAChRs agonists are presented.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18800618
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"