CLINICAL TRIAL, PHASE II
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

A phase II study of interferon-alpha for the treatment of refractory Churg-Strauss syndrome.

OBJECTIVE: Uncontrolled vasculitis is the major cause of early death in Churg-Strauss syndrome and standard therapy is not always effective. This study was carried out to examine the safety and efficacy of interferon-alpha for induction of remission in patients with refractory Churg-Strauss syndrome.

METHODS: In a prospective open-label trial, seven patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome refractory to cyclophosphamide or methotrexate received interferon-alpha (3 million. I.U. 3 times weekly s.c.) for induction of remission. Primary end point was the successful induction of remission. Prednisolone was tapered according to the study protocol.

RESULTS: All seven patients entered remission after 3 months of treatment. Five patients reached complete remission while in two patients, residual asthmatic complaints persisted. The mean Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) decreased from 6.4 (+/-2.8) to 0 (+/-0) (p=0.017). Clinical improvement in response to interferon-alpha allowed to taper concomitant prednisolone according to the protocol from a mean dose of 20.4 mg/d (+/-13.3) to 6.9 mg/d (+/-1.9) (p=0.068). During a follow up of 6 months all patients remained in remission. In one patient, leukencephalopathy without clinical symptoms was seen on MRI after 61 months of treatment, as previously reported. In this cohort, no other cases of leukencephalopathy were observed during long-term follow-up. Constitutional symptoms related to the injection of interferon-alpha responded well to paracetamol. A transient leukopenia was found in two patients.

CONCLUSION: Interferon-alpha appears to be an effective and well-tolerated treatment for induction of remission in patients with refractory Churg-Strauss syndrome.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app