Pharmacokinetics of new 625 mg nelfinavir formulation during pregnancy and postpartum

J S Read, B M Best, A M Stek, C Hu, E V Capparelli, D T Holland, S K Burchett, M E Smith, E C Sheeran, W T Shearer, I Febo, M Mirochnick
HIV Medicine 2008, 9 (10): 875-82

OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of nelfinavir (NFV) (625 mg tablets) 1250 mg twice daily during pregnancy and postpartum.

METHODS: The participants were HIV-1-infected pregnant women enrolled in P1026s and receiving NFV (625 mg tablets) 1250 mg twice daily as part of routine clinical care. Intensive steady-state 12-h NFV pharmacokinetic profiles were performed during pregnancy and postpartum. The target NFV area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC(0-12)) was >or=10th percentile NFV AUC(0-12) in non-pregnant historical controls (18.5 microg h/mL).

RESULTS: Of 27 patients receiving NFV, pharmacokinetic data were available for four (second trimester), 27 (third trimester) and 22 (postpartum) patients. The NFV maximum concentration (C(max)), 12-h post-dose concentration (C(12)) and AUC(0-12) were significantly lower during the third trimester compared to postpartum (P<or=0.03). The metabolite hydroxyl-tert-butylamide (M8) AUC(0-12) and the M8/NFV AUC ratio were lower during the third trimester compared to postpartum (P<0.01). The NFV AUC(0-12) exceeded the AUC(0-12) target for 15/27 (56%) and 21/22 (95%) of third trimester and postpartum patients, respectively. The minimum concentration (C(min)) was above the suggested minimum trough concentration (0.8 mug/mL) in 15% (third trimester) and 18% (postpartum). The plasma viral load was <400 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL in 81% of patients at delivery.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that higher doses of NFV should be considered during pregnancy.

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