Natural orifice management of anastomotic leaks after minimally invasive esophagogastrectomy

Ninh T Nguyen, Brian A Mailey, Marcelo W Hinojosa, Ken Chang
Surgical Innovation 2008, 15 (4): 249-52
A leak after an esophagectomy can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. The treatment options for postoperative leaks include reoperation with pleural drainage and placement of T-tube drainage catheter to control the gastrointestinal leak or complete gastrointestinal diversion, depending on the extent of the leak and tissue viability of the gastric conduit. Both these options require an invasive reoperation. In selected cases, endoscopic deployment of a covered esophageal stent may be an effective minimally invasive option in the management of an esophageal leak. This report describes the indications and techniques for management of an esophageal leak using the natural orifice for drainage of a mediastinal abscess and deployment of an esophageal stent.

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