ENGLISH ABSTRACT
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

[Managing the open abdomen with vacuum-assisted closure therapy: retrospective evaluation of 22 patients].

BACKGROUND: The authors reviewed their experience in the management of "open abdomen" using the vacuum-assisted closure device (VAC), in order to assess its morbidity particularly in terms of fistula, and the outcome of abdominal wall integrity.

METHODS: Between January 2003 and October 2006, 22 patients required management with an "open abdomen" technique (18 patients were managed with the VAC abdominal dressing device with application of a specific sheet and 4 other patients simply required a dressing with the polyurethane sponge). The mean age was 55 years, and M/F sex ratio was 2.67. Indications were abdominal compartment syndrome in 7 patients, initial "abdominal closure" after trauma in one patient, severe abdominal sepsis in 7 patients, and abdominal wound dehiscence where closure was impossible in 7 patients.

RESULTS: There were no enteric fistulae. Two infections were seen--a chronic suppuration which resolved with antibiotic therapy and a deep abscess which was drained with radiologic guidance. Of the 18 cases of "open abdomen" managed with the VAC, 15 were alive. Six (40%) underwent a delayed primary closure at a mean interval of 9 days; the others underwent secondary healing by granulation, and 10 eventually underwent split thickness skin grafting at a mean interval of 50 days. With VAC closure of the "open abdomen", the development of ventral hernia is an anticipated outcome; in four cases, patients underwent abdominal wall reconstruction at an interval of one year.

CONCLUSION: Laparostomy or "open abdomen" using the VAC dressing system should be considered an established and well-defined technique which provides temporary abdominal coverage with limited morbidity.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app