JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cutting edge: programmed death-1 up-regulation is involved in the attrition of cytomegalovirus-specific CD8+ T cells in acute self-limited hepatitis B virus infection

Ji-Yuan Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Bo Jin, Shu-Ye Zhang, Chun-Bao Zhou, Jun-Liang Fu, Fu-Sheng Wang
Journal of Immunology 2008 September 15, 181 (6): 3741-4
18768824
Attrition of heterologous virus-specific CD8(+) T cells has been demonstrated in murine viral infection; however, little is known regarding this phenomenon in human viral infections. In this study, we observed that CMV-specific CD8(+) T cells displayed numerical decline and functional impairment in the early phase of acute infection, whereas programmed death-1 (PD-1) expression was significantly up-regulated by these CMV-specific CD8(+) T cells. This early PD-1 up-regulation was found to be closely associated with the increased apoptotic sensitivity of CMV-specific CD8(+) T cells. The in vitro addition of anti-PD-1 further enhanced the spontaneous apoptosis of CMV-specific CD8(+) T cells; however, blockade of the PD-1-mediated pathway with anti-PD-L1 significantly restored the CMV-specific CD8(+) T cell proliferation and IFN-gamma production. Thus, PD-1 plays a crucial role in the attrition of CMV-specific CD8(+) T cells in acute hepatitis B virus infection, which in turn, influences the preexisting homeostatic virus-specific CD8(+) T cell pool.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18768824
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"