The role of rumination in the coexistence of distress and posttraumatic growth among bereaved Japanese university students

Kanako Taku, Lawrence G Calhoun, Arnie Cann, Richard G Tedeschi
Death Studies 2008, 32 (5): 428-44
This study examined the relationships between rumination, distress and posttraumatic growth (PTG). Seventy-one bereaved Japanese university students completed the PTG Inventory, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and a rumination scale. Three models, with variables including intrusive rumination, deliberate rumination, distress, and PTG, were tested using structural equation modeling. Results indicated that 1 model, which depicted recent intrusive rumination leading to distress and deliberate rumination soon after the event leading to PTG, with distress and PTG coexisting, was shown to best fit the data. Present findings offer implications for future research on PTG.

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