Prospective trial of mycophenolate mofetil-cyclosporine A prophylaxis for acute GVHD after G-CSF stimulated allogeneic bone marrow transplantation with HLA-identical sibling donors in patients with severe aplastic anemia and hematological malignancies

Fabiana Ostronoff, Mauricio Ostronoff, Ana Patricia Souto-Maior, Mariana Domingues, Alexandre Sucupira, Djenane Almeida Manso, Ana Karla Farias de Lima, Poliana Gomes Monteiro, Rodrigo Florêncio, Rodolfo Calixto
Clinical Transplantation 2009, 23 (1): 33-8
The combination of methotrexate and cyclosporine A (MTX-CSA) is the standard regimen for the prevention of graft vs. host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) from HLA-identical siblings. Mycophenolate mofetil and CSA (MMF-CSA) combination has been successfully used for GVHD prophylaxis after non-reduced intensity conditioning (non-RIC) allo-SCT with peripheral blood or non-G-CSF stimulated bone marrow as stem cell source. We report the results of the first prospective trial of the MMF-CSA combination for acute GVHD prophylaxis in 47 patients after non-RIC G-CSF stimulated allo-BMT (G-BMT) from HLA-identical siblings in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) or hematological malignancies. Median age was 28 yr (range, 6-48 yr). Median follow-up was 22 months. The median time to neutrophil and platelets recovery were nine d (range, 8-17) and 16 d (range, 10-28), respectively. Acute GVHD of grade II-IV and chronic GVHD occurred in 51% and 27%, respectively. Overall survival rates at two yr for patients with SAA and hematological malignancies were 87% and 65%, respectively. The event-free survival at two yr for patients with hematological malignancies was 76%. We concluded that MMF-CSA appears equivalent to MTX-CSA for GVHD prophylaxis in patients receiving non-RIC G-BMT from HLA-identical siblings, with a tendency for more rapid neutrophil engraftment.

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