Lupulone, a hop bitter acid, activates different death pathways involving apoptotic TRAIL-receptors, in human colon tumor cells and in their derived metastatic cells

Virginie Lamy, Stamatiki Roussi, Mehdi Chaabi, Francine Gossé, Annelise Lobstein, Francis Raul
Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death 2008, 13 (10): 1232-42
Our study aimed to compare death signalling pathways triggered by lupulone in TRAIL-sensitive human colon cancer cells (SW480) and in their derived TRAIL-resistant metastatic cells (SW620). Lupulone (40 microg/ml) up-regulated expression of TRAIL DR4/DR5 death receptors at the cell surface of both cell lines, even in the absence of exogenous TRAIL ligand. Cell death induced by lupulone was inhibited in SW480 and SW620 cells exposed to blocking anti-DR4/DR5 antibodies. In SW480 cells, lupulone triggered cell death through a cross-talk between TRAIL-DR4/DR5 and the mitochondrial (intrinsic) pathways involving caspase-8 activation and Bid protein cleavage. As a consequence mitochondrial cytochrome c was released into the cytosol and activation of caspases-9 and -3 was observed. In the metastatic SW620 cells, lupulone restored the sensibility of these cells to TRAIL ligand and activated the extrinsic apoptotic pathway via DR4/DR5 death receptors and the involvement of the caspase-8/caspase-3 cascade. The demonstration that lupulone is able to activate TRAIL-death signalling pathways even in TRAIL resistant cancer cells highlights the potential of this natural compound for cancer prevention and therapy.

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