JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Evaluation of acute coronary syndromes by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

Michael D Shapiro, David L Guarraia, Jamaluddin Moloo, Ricardo C Cury
Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI 2008, 19 (1): 25-32
18690158
The use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging for the evaluation of patients with acute chest pain and acute coronary syndromes has great potential. The strength of CMR relies on its ability to provide information on anatomy, physiology, and function in a single scanning session in a noninvasive manner without the need for iodinated contrast, radiation, or the need to undergo invasive procedures. Specifically, with regard to imaging patients with acute chest pain and/or myocardial infarction (MI), CMR has the ability to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate global and regional right and left ventricular systolic functions, myocardial edema, myocardial perfusion, and myocardial infarct size and transmurality/viability. This review will focus on CMR imaging for the following applications: (1) imaging for the evaluation of ventricular function and infarct size in patients with acute chest pain and/or acute MI, (2) for triage and prognosis of patients presenting to the emergency department with acute chest pain, (3) for evaluating patients after sustaining an acute MI, and (4) for stem cell research.

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