Comparison of the prognostic usefulness of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic Peptide in patients with heart failure with versus without chronic kidney disease

Christian Bruch, Claudia Fischer, Jürgen Sindermann, Jörg Stypmann, Günter Breithardt, Rainer Gradaus
American Journal of Cardiology 2008 August 15, 102 (4): 469-74
In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) predicted poor outcome. Clinical predictors of NT-pro-BNP and its usefulness in the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are largely unknown. A total of 341 patients with stable CHF were enrolled, of whom 183 (54%) had CKD. During a follow-up of 620 +/- 353 days, 57 patients (17%) experienced a cardiac event (cardiac death, need for extracorporeal assist device, or urgent cardiac transplantation), and 64 patients (20%) were rehospitalized because of worsening CHF. NT-pro-BNP was related to New York Heart Association functional class (R = 0.44, p <0.001) and inversely related to ejection fraction (R = -0.52, p <0.001) and glomerular filtration rate (R = -0.32, p <0.001). A cardiac event was independently predicted by NT-pro-BNP (hazard ratio [HR] 1.56, p <0.001), ejection fraction (HR 0.95, p = 0.018), and serum sodium (HR 0.89, p = 0.004). Using receiver-operator characteristic analysis, NT-pro-BNP > or =1,474 pg/ml best separated patients with or without cardiac events. In patients without CKD, outcome was significantly worse in patients with NT-pro-BNP >1,474 pg/ml in comparison to patients with NT-pro-BNP <1,474 pg/ml (event-free survival rate 0% vs 75%; p <0.001). In patients with CKD, outcome was also significantly worse in subjects with NT-pro-BNP >1,474 pg/ml in comparison to those with NT-pro-BNP <1,474 pg/ml (event-free survival rate 48% vs 93%; p <0.001). NT-pro-BNP independently predicted rehospitalization caused by worsening CHF (HR 1.26, p = 0.023), and a cut-off value of 1,474 pg/ml also separated patients with poor and intermediate prognosis in the CKD and non-CKD groups. In conclusion, NT-pro-BNP independently predicted morbidity and mortality in patients with CHF with and without CKD.

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