JOURNAL ARTICLE

Prevalence and factors associated with hidradenitis suppurativa: results from two case-control studies

Jean E Revuz, Florence Canoui-Poitrine, Pierre Wolkenstein, Cedric Viallette, Germaine Gabison, Florence Pouget, Florence Poli, Ousmane Faye, Jean Claude Roujeau, Genevieve Bonnelye, Jean Jacques Grob, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2008, 59 (4): 596-601
18674845

BACKGROUND: Conflicting opinions have been reported regarding the epidemiology of hidradenitis suppurativa.

OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the prevalence of hidradenitis suppurativa and to identify associated factors.

METHODOLOGY: Prevalence was evaluated using a representative sample of the French population (n=10,000). Associated risk factors were assessed using two case-control studies, one population-based with 67 self-reported patients and 200 control subjects, and the other clinic-based with 302 medically assessed patients and 906 control subjects.

RESULTS: The prevalence was 1% of the French population. Multivariate analyses showed a strong association with current smoking in self-reported (odds ratio=4.16, 95% confidence interval [2.99-8.69]) and in medically assessed (odds ratio=12.55 [8.58-18.38]) populations. Association with body mass index was significant in medically assessed patients (odds ratio=1.12 [1.08-1.15]) for each increase of 1 U of BMI.

LIMITATIONS: A causal relationship could not be established with such a cross-sectional study.

CONCLUSION: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a common disease, frequently associated with smoking and being overweight.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18674845
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"