Extended-gate FET-based enzyme sensor with ferrocenyl-alkanethiol modified gold sensing electrode

Yu Ishige, Maki Shimoda, Masao Kamahori
Biosensors & Bioelectronics 2009 January 1, 24 (5): 1096-102
We developed a field-effect transistor (FET)-based enzyme sensor that detects an enzyme-catalyzed redox-reaction event as an interfacial potential change on an 11-ferrocenyl-1-undecanethiol (11-FUT) modified gold electrode. While the sensitivity of ion-sensitive FET (ISFET)-based enzyme sensors that detect an enzyme-catalyzed reaction as a local pH change are strongly affected by the buffer conditions such as pH and buffer capacity, the sensitivity of the proposed FET-based enzyme sensor is not affected by them in principle. The FET-based enzyme sensor consists of a detection part, which is an extended-gate FET sensor with an 11-FUT immobilized gold electrode, and an enzyme reaction part. The FET sensor detected the redox reaction of hexacyanoferrate ions, which are standard redox reagents of an enzymatic assay in blood tests, as a change in the interfacial potential of the 11-FUT modified gold electrode in accordance with the Nernstian response at a slope of 59 mV/decade at 25 degrees C. Also, the FET sensor had a dynamic range of more than five orders and showed no sensitivity to pH. A FET-based enzyme sensor for measuring cholesterol level was constructed by adding an enzyme reaction part, which contained cholesterol dehydrogenase and hexacyanoferrate (II)/(III) ions, on the 11-FUT modified gold electrode. Since the sensitivity of the FET sensor based on potentiometric detection was independent of the sample volume, the sample volume was easily reduced to 2.5 microL while maintaining the sensitivity. The FET-based enzyme sensor successfully detected a serum cholesterol level from 33 to 233 mg/dL at the Nernstian slope of 57 mV/decade.

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