Cytogenetic studies in A4 cytoplasmic-nuclear male-sterility system of pigeonpea

Vijay A Dalvi, Kul B Saxena, Indradas A Madrap, Vijay K Ravikoti
Journal of Heredity 2008, 99 (6): 667-70
Efforts were made to study microsporogenesis and genetics of fertility restoration of A(4) cytoplasmic-nuclear male-sterility (CMS) system in pigeonpea. The process of microsporogenesis in the male-sterile (ICPA 2039) and its maintainer (ICPB 2039) plants was normal up to the tetrad formation stage. The tapetal cells in the male-sterile anthers degenerated soon after tetrad formation, resulting in shriveled and degenerated microspores. In the maintainer plants, the tapetal cells were normal and microspores were functional. The breakdown of the tapetum before the completion of microsporogenesis was the major cause for the expression of male sterility in A(4) CMS system. The studies on the inheritance of fertility restoration showed that in 3 crosses, a single dominant gene; in 1 cross, 2 duplicate genes; and in another cross, 2 complimentary genes governed the fertility restoration.

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