Toe transfer for congenital hand defects

C J Eaton, G D Lister
Microsurgery 1991, 12 (3): 186-95
Toe-to-hand transfer is a well-established reconstructive option for certain congenital hand anomalies. It is the only technique which can add growth potential to the immature skeleton. Toe transfer is best suited for constriction ring amputations, which have relatively normal proximal anatomy. Transfers should be performed early in life to avoid lack of cortical integration of the new part. Anatomic variations of both hand and foot are often encountered, which influence both operative approach and functional prognosis. Indications, techniques, and complications are reviewed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.