Identification and cloning of a gene encoding tannase (tannin acylhydrolase) from Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 14917(T)

Kazuaki Iwamoto, Hiroki Tsuruta, Yosuke Nishitaini, Ro Osawa
Systematic and Applied Microbiology 2008, 31 (4): 269-77
The gene tanLpl, encoding a novel tannase enzyme (TanLpl), has been cloned from Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 14917(T). This is the first report of a tannase gene cloned from a bacterial source other than from Staphylococcus lugdunensis, which has been reported elsewhere. The open reading frame of tanLpl, spanning 1410 bp, encoded a 469-amino-acid protein that showed 28.8% identity to the tannase of S. lugdunensis with several commonly conserved sequences. These sequences could not be found in putative tannases reported for other bacteria and fungi. TanLpl was expressed in Escherichia coli DH5alpha from a pGEM-T expression system and purified. SDS-PAGE analysis indicated that purified TanLpl was a monomer polypeptide of approximately 50 kDa in size. Subsequent enzymatic characterization revealed that TanLpl was most active in an alkaline pH range at 40 degrees C, which was quite different from that observed for a fungal tannase of Aspergillus oryzae. In addition, the Michaelis-Menten constant of TanLpl was markedly lower than that of A. oryzae tannase. The evidence suggests that TanLpl should be classified into a novel family of tannases.

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