CASE REPORTS
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Grisel syndrome: nontraumatic atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation.

Grisel syndrome is the subluxation of atlantoaxial joint as a result of infectious or inflammatory processes of the head and neck region. The etiopathogenesis of this clinical entity is not clear yet. Early interventions (antibiotherapy, cervical traction, and immobilization) are critical to avoid catastrophic outcome. Early detection of pediatric atlantoaxial subluxation is essential. It requires a combination of clinical assessment and appropriate radiographic imaging. In this report, we present a clinical and radiologic follow-up of a Grisel syndrome; by this way, we discuss the role of radiology on the diagnosis of this rare entity and preview the relevant literature.

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Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

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