JOURNAL ARTICLE

Structure-guided optimization of the interleukin-6 trans-signaling antagonist sgp130

Stephanie Tenhumberg, Georg H Waetzig, Athena Chalaris, Björn Rabe, Dirk Seegert, Jürgen Scheller, Stefan Rose-John, Joachim Grötzinger
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2008 October 3, 283 (40): 27200-7
18650419
Binding of interleukin-6 (IL-6) to its specific receptor IL-6R is a prerequisite for the activation of the signal-transducing receptor glycoprotein 130 (gp130). A soluble form of the IL-6R (sIL-6R) in complex with IL-6 can activate cells lacking membrane-bound IL-6R (trans-signaling). IL-6-trans-signaling is counterbalanced by a naturally occurring, soluble form of gp130 (sgp130), whereby signaling via the membrane-bound IL-6R is not affected. Many inflammatory and neoplastic disorders are driven by IL-6 trans-signaling. By analysis of the three-dimensional structure of gp130 in complex with IL-6 and sIL-6R, we identified amino acid side chains in gp130 as candidates for the generation of sgp130 muteins with increased binding affinity to IL-6/sIL-6R. In addition, with information from modeling and NMR analysis of the membrane proximal domain of gp130, we generated a more stable variant of sgp130Fc. Proteins were tested for binding to the IL-6/sIL-6R-complex, for inhibition of IL-6/sIL-6R-induced cell proliferation and of acute phase gene expression. Several mutations showed an additive effect in improving the binding affinity of human sgp130 toward human IL-6/sIL-6R. Finally, we demonstrate the species specificity of these mutations in the optimal triple mutein (T102Y/Q113F/N114L) both in vitro and in a mouse model of acute inflammation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18650419
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"