Effect of calcium ionophore A23187 on prostaglandin synthase type 2 and 15-hydroxy-prostaglandin dehydrogenase expression in human chorion trophoblast cells

Valentina Casciani, Marina Premyslova, Daochun Luo, Emanuela Marinoni, Massimo Moscarini, Romolo Di Iorio, John R G Challis
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2008, 199 (5): 554.e1-8

OBJECTIVE: Prostaglandins induce parturition in humans. Prostaglandin output is regulated by the synthetic and metabolic enzymes, prostaglandin synthase type 2 (PTGS2) and 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH). The role of calcium in regulating PTGS2 and PGDH expression was investigated in chorion trophoblasts.

STUDY DESIGN: Cells were treated with calcium ionophore A23187 in the presence or absence of calcium chelators; changes in messenger ribonucleic acid expression were measured with real-time polymerase chain reaction and analyzed with analysis of variance. Protein expression was evaluated with Western blot and dual immunofluorescence.

RESULTS: A23187 stimulated PTGS2 and suppressed PGDH expression. Effects of A23187 were reversed by calcium chelators. PTGS2 had perinuclear and cytosolic distribution, whereas PGDH was cytosolic. Some cells expressed both enzymes, some neither enzyme, and some either PTGS2 or PGDH.

CONCLUSION: Chorion cells showed heterogeneity in the expression of PTGS2 and PGDH. Calcium influx regulates PTGS2 and PGDH expression, thereby promoting coordinated increased prostaglandin output in circumstances such as term and preterm labor.

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