Genetic characterisation of CTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli strains isolated from stem cell transplant patients in Tunisia

Mohamed Salah Abbassi, Carmen Torres, Wafa Achour, Laura Vinué, Yolanda Sáenz, Daniela Costa, Ons Bouchami, Assia Ben Hassen
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 2008, 32 (4): 308-14
Characterisation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) genes and their genetic environments as well as the presence of integrons were analysed in nine Klebsiella pneumoniae and two Escherichia coli ESBL-positive isolates recovered in the Centre of Bone Marrow Transplantation of Tunisia. All strains harboured the bla(CTX-M-15) gene and presented minimum inhibitory concentrations for cefotaxime and ceftazidime of 256-1024 mg L(-1) and 16-512 mg L(-1), respectively, and eight of them showed different pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns. The bla(OXA-1) and bla(TEM-1) genes were detected in eight and ten strains, respectively. In addition, bla(SHV-1), bla(SHV-11) and bla(SHV-27) were found in six, one and one K. pneumoniae strains, respectively. The new variant bla(SHV-103) was characterised in one K. pneumoniae strain. The intI1 gene was detected in eight K. pneumoniae strains and the dfrA5+ereA2 and aadA gene cassettes were found in one and five strains, respectively. All strains harboured a 70 kb plasmid, and its transference in addition to bla(CTX-M-15), bla(TEM-1b) and bla(OXA-1) genes was demonstrated from three K. pneumoniae to E. coli. ISEcp1 and orf477 were located upstream and downstream, respectively, of the bla(CTX-M-15) gene in 10 strains. The occurrence of the bla(CTX-M-15) gene in unrelated strains might have originated from the dissemination of mobile genetic elements in which ISEcp1 may have played an important role.

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