The V249I polymorphism of the CX3CR1 gene is associated with fibrostenotic disease behavior in patients with Crohn's disease

Jean-Marc Sabate, Nejma Ameziane, Jérôme Lamoril, Pauline Jouet, Jean-Pierre Farmachidi, Jean-Claude Soulé, Florence Harnois, Iradj Sobhani, Raymond Jian, Jean-Charles Deybach, Dominique de Prost, Benoit Coffin
European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2008, 20 (8): 748-55

OBJECTIVES: CX3CR1, the receptor of CX3CL1/fractalkine, is involved in regulation of inflammatory response and the CX3CR1-I249-M280 naturally occurring mutants are associated with altered binding to the ligand. Our aim was to evaluate the frequency of CX3CR1 V249I and T280M polymorphisms and NOD2/CARD15 mutations in Crohn's disease patients and to search for a relationship with phenotype.

METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively collected. V249I and T280M polymorphisms of CX3CR1 gene and NOD2/CARD15 mutations (R702W, G908R, 3020InsC) were identified.

RESULTS: Two hundred and thirty-nine patients (140 females, 39.7+/-14.1 years) were included. About 37.4% were heterozygous and 8.8% were homozygous for the V249I CX3CR1 polymorphism, 18.1% were heterozygous and 1.3% homozygous for the T280M CX3CR1 polymorphism and 35.9% had at least one of the three mutations of NOD2/CARD15. The T280M CX3CR1 polymorphism was not associated with any phenotype. In univariate analysis, stenosis was significantly associated with both V249I CX3CR1 polymorphism and 3020InsC NOD2/CARD15 mutations. In smoker patients carrying the CX3CR1 allele I249, there was a significant increase in the frequency of fibrostenosing disease [P=0.005, odds ratio (OR): 3.25] whereas this relationship disappeared in the group of nonsmokers (P=0.72). In multivariate analysis, 3020InsC NOD2/CARD15 mutations and the V249I CX3CR1 polymorphism were independent risk factors for intestinal stenosis (P=0.046, OR: 1.8 and P=0.044, OR: 2.4, respectively).

CONCLUSION: In Crohn's disease, V249I CX3CR1 polymorphism is associated with intestinal strictures, particularly in smokers. This association is independent of CARD15 mutations.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"