JOURNAL ARTICLE

Robust tris-cyclometalated iridium(III) phosphors with ligands for effective charge carrier injection/transport: synthesis, redox, photophysical, and electrophosphorescent behavior

Guijiang Zhou, Qi Wang, Cheuk-Lam Ho, Wai-Yeung Wong, Dongge Ma, Lixiang Wang, Zhenyang Lin
Chemistry, An Asian Journal 2008 October 6, 3 (10): 1830-41
18615423
With the target to design and develop new functionalized green triplet light emitters that possess distinctive electronic properties for robust and highly efficient phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PHOLEDs), a series of bluish-green to yellow-green phosphorescent tris-cyclometalated homoleptic iridium(III) complexes [Ir(ppy-X)(3)] (X=SiPh(3), GePh(3), NPh(2), POPh(2), OPh, SPh, SO(2)Ph, Hppy=2-phenylpyridine) have been synthesized and fully characterized by spectroscopic, redox, and photophysical methods. By chemically manipulating the lowest triplet-state character of Ir(ppy)(3) with some functional main-group 14-16 moieties on the phenyl ring of ppy, a new family of metallophosphors with high-emission quantum yields, short triplet-state lifetimes, and good hole-injection/hole-transporting or electron-injection/electron-transporting properties can be obtained. Remarkably, all of these Ir(III) complexes show outstanding electrophosphorescent performance in multilayer doped devices that surpass that of the state-of-the-art green-emitting dopant Ir(ppy)(3). The devices described herein can reach the maximum external quantum efficiency (eta(ext)) of 12.3 %, luminance efficiency (eta(L)) of 50.8 cd A(-1), power efficiency (eta(p)) of 36.9 Lm W(-1) for [Ir(ppy-SiPh(3))(3)], 13.9 %, 60.8 cd A(-1), 49.1 Lm W(-1) for [Ir(ppy-NPh(2))(3)], and 10.1 %, 37.6 cd A(-1), 26.1 Lm W(-1) for [Ir(ppy-SO(2)Ph)(3)]. These results provide a completely new and effective strategy for carrier injection into the electrophosphor to afford high-performance PHOLEDs suitable for various display applications.

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