Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Pneumonia in stroke patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia: a six-month follow-up study.

The aim of the study was to estimate the frequency of pneumonia and to determine the risk factors for this complication in poststroke patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). We prospectively followed up 67 patients (mean age 72.9+/-12.2 years) in the first 6 months after stroke, during which time we recorded gender, stroke side, type of lesion, diabetes, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), smoking, level of consciousness, functional outcome, dietary history, occurrence of chest infection, and death. Degree of OD and presence/absence of reflex cough was assessed by Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing. Sixty patients showed complete recovery of prestroke swallowing; 9 (13.4% IC 95%=5-20%) developed pneumonia, two of whom died. The first episode of pneumonia occurred in all nine patients within the first month after stroke onset. The pneumonia was associated with absence of reflex cough after swallow, COPD, and severe impairment of consciousness and poor functional outcome.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app