JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

High-dose cholecalciferol to correct vitamin D deficiency in haemodialysis patients

Faruk Tokmak, Ivo Quack, Gisela Schieren, Lorenz Sellin, Dirk Rattensperger, Tim Holland-Letz, Stefan M Weiner, Lars C Rump
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 2008, 23 (12): 4016-20
18593741

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has emerged as an important survival factor in patients with chronic kidney disease. Non-activated vitamin D may also have beneficial effects on bone, cardiovascular and immune functions. Cholecalciferol is the prevalent non-activated vitamin D in Europe, but there is no valid prospective data available about its use in haemodialysis patients. Thus, we initiated a prospective study to evaluate dosing, safety and tolerability of cholecalciferol supplementation in haemodialysis patients.

METHODS: The prospective study included 64 haemodialysis patients. During replenishment phase patients received 20 000 IU cholecalciferol/week for 9 months. In the open maintenance phase (15 months), patients were randomized to a treated group (20 000 IU cholecalciferol/month) and an untreated group, which did not receive cholecalciferol.

RESULTS: Calcidiol [25(OH)D] deficiency (<37.5 nmol/l; <15 microg/l) was detected in 61/64 patients (95%). During the replenishment phase, calcidiol increased significantly from 16.65 +/- 9.6 to 79.48 +/- 27.15 nmol/l (6.66 +/- 3.84 microug/l to 31.79 +/- 10.86 microg/l) (P < 0.001). Recommended levels (>75 nmol/l; >30 microg/l; K/DOQI) were achieved in 57% of patients. Calcium increased from 2.28 +/- 0.17 to 2.37 +/- 0.19 mmol/l (9.1 +/- 0.69 mg/dl to 9.49 +/- 0.75 mg/dl) (P<0.01). Phosphorus, calcium-phosphorus product and parathyroid hormone showed no significant changes. Fifty-nine patients progressed to the maintenance phase. Analysis per protocol showed a significant drop of calcidiol in the treated [83.98 +/- 31.73 versus 78.5 +/- 38.75 nmol/l (33.59 +/- 12.69 versus 31.4 +/- 15.5 microg/l) (P < 0.001)] and untreated groups [86.35 +/- 40.75 versus 53.4 +/- 26.2 nmol/l (34.54 +/- 16.3 versus 21.36 +/- 10.48 microg/l) (P < 0.001)]. The comparison of the treated and the untreated groups showed no significant differences at the beginning of the maintenance phase: 83.98 +/- 31.73 versus 86.35 +/- 40.75 nmol/l (33.59 +/- 12.69 versus 34.54 +/- 16.3 microg/l). At the end they differed significantly: 78.5 +/- 38.75 versus 53.4 +/- 26.2 nmol/l (31.4 +/- 15.5 versus 21.36 +/- 10.48 microg/l) (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency is present in a majority of haemodialysis patients. Supplementation with cholecalciferol is safe, well tolerated and reasonable to replenish vitamin D stores in haemodialysis patients. However, only 57% of patients achieved recommended calcidiol levels, thus favouring additional dose-finding studies.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18593741
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"