JOURNAL ARTICLE

A mitochondrial block and expression of XIAP lead to resistance to TRAIL-induced apoptosis during progression to metastasis of a colon carcinoma

O Ndozangue-Touriguine, M Sebbagh, D Mérino, O Micheau, J Bertoglio, J Bréard
Oncogene 2008 October 9, 27 (46): 6012-22
18560353
A pair of isogenic colon carcinoma cells, SW480 and 620, was used to investigate the mechanisms of acquired tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-resistance during tumour progression. Whereas primary tumour SW480 cells are sensitive to TRAIL-induced apoptosis, metastatic SW620 cells are resistant. The apoptotic signalling activated by TRAIL in SW480 cells is a type II pathway. We show that in SW620 cells, although caspase-8 is recruited and activated at the death-inducing-signalling complex and Bid is cleaved, this does not lead to caspase-9 activation. Comparison of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 levels in both cell lines showed no difference. In SW620 cells transfected with a tBid-GFP construct, tBid-GFP was correctly localized to the mitochondria. Thus, the resistance of SW620 cells is at the level of the mitochondria that can withstand large amounts of tBid. Although caspase-3 was directly cleaved by caspase-8 in SW620 cells to yield the p20 fragment, no further autocatalytic maturation into the p17 fragment was observed. We show that, in contrast to SW480 cells, the SW620 cell line expresses high amounts of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP). Downregulation of XIAP with bortezomib or small-interfering RNA was sufficient to restore the sensitivity of SW620 cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis in the absence of SMAC/Diablo or cytochrome c release from the mitochondria. Thus, SW620 cells have developed a dual resistance to TRAIL-induced apoptosis: a block at the level of the mitochondria and, after a conversion to a type I pathway, an increased expression of XIAP which inhibits this pathway.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18560353
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"