Determination of T-2 and HT-2 toxins in cereals including oats after immunoaffinity cleanup by liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection

Anke Trebstein, Walburga Seefelder, Uwe Lauber, Hans-Ulrich Humpf
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2008 July 9, 56 (13): 4968-75
A reliable method for the determination of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin in different cereals, including oats, as well as in cereal products was developed. After extraction with methanol/water (90/10, v/v) and dilution with a 4% NaCl solution, the toxins were purified with immunoaffinity columns, derivatized with 1-anthroylnitrile, separated by HPLC, and determined using fluorescence detection. Due to the unspecific derivatization reagents, validation parameters were matrix dependent: in the range 10-200 microg/kg, recovery rates of 74-120% with relative standard deviations between 0.5 and 20.3% were obtained. On average, the limit of quantitation was shown to be 8 microg/kg for each toxin. For naturally contaminated samples, comparable results were obtained when analysis was performed according to this method without derivatization as well as according to a method based on a SPE cleanup utilizing tandem mass spectrometric detection in both cases. Using aqueous acetonitrile as extractant resulted in incorrectly high toxin concentrations due to water absorption of dry samples and toxin accumulation in the organic phase in the subsequent phase separation of the extractant. Furthermore, when comparing the commercially available immunoaffinity columns for T-2 and HT-2 toxins, significant differences regarding capacity and cleanup performance were observed.

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