Induction of IL-10 producing CD4+ T cells with regulatory activities by stimulation with IL-10 gene-modified bone marrow derived dendritic cells

C-L Fu, Y-H Chuang, H-Y Huang, B-L Chiang
Clinical and Experimental Immunology 2008, 153 (2): 258-68
Dendritic cells (DCs) can induce both tolergenic as well as effective immune responses in the lung. Pulmonary DCs producing interleukin (IL)-10 mediated tolerance induced by respiratory exposure to antigen. IL-10 is an important immunosuppressive cytokine, which inhibits maturation and function of DC. To assess whether IL-10 producing DCs can exert the tolergenic effect through the differentiation of regulatory T cells, bone marrow derived DCs were genetically modified by IL-10 expressing adenovirus. IL-10 gene modified DCs (Ad-IL-10-DC) displayed a characteristic phenotype of immature DCs. Here we showed that in vitro repetitive stimulation of naïve DO11.10 CD4(+) T cells with Ad-IL-10-DCs resulted in a development of IL-10 producing T-cell regulatory cells. These T cells could not proliferate well but also lost their ability to produce interferon-gamma upon restimulation with irradiated splenocytes and ovalbumin peptide. Furthermore, in co-culture experiments these T cells inhibited the antigen-driven proliferation of naïve CD4+ T cells in a dose-dependent manner. Our findings demonstrated that IL-10 producing DCs had the potential to induce the differentiation of Tr1-like cells and suggested their therapeutic use.

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