[The percutaneous ultrasonic-guided fluoroscopy-controlled drainage of pericardial fluids]

G H Mostbeck, M Korn, G R Wittich, R M Walter, A Gebauer, H Schurawitzki, D Tscholakoff
RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 1991, 155 (1): 53-7
The results of 25 ultrasonographically guided percutaneous pericardial drainage procedures and of one pericardiocentesis performed in 25 patients with pericardial fluid collections are reported. After initial puncture of the pericardial cavity under sonographic guidance, dilatation and placement of 5F to 8.3F catheters in Seldinger technique was controlled fluoroscopically in 22 procedures. Clinical indications were emergency treatment of tamponade (n = 6) or urgent treatment of large (n = 14) pericardial effusions. The remaining 6 procedures were performed to establish specific diagnoses of small effusions. Puncture sites were subxiphoid in 23 and left parasternal in 3 cases. The volume of aspirated fluid ranged from 20 to 1710 ml (median: 615 ml). Median duration of pericardial drainage was 3 days (range less than 1 day to 21 days). A specific diagnosis was obtained in 48% of patients. 4 patients had subsequent elective surgical intervention for recurrent effusion or for pericardial biopsy. Three minor complications included one vasovagal reaction and two asymptomatic pneumothoraces. Percutaneous ultrasonically guided and fluoroscopically controlled placement of a pericardial catheter is safe and effective for treatment and diagnosis of pericardial effusions.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"