TRPC1 binds to caveolin-3 and is regulated by Src kinase - role in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Othon L Gervásio, Nicholas P Whitehead, Ella W Yeung, William D Phillips, David G Allen
Journal of Cell Science 2008 July 1, 121: 2246-55
Transient receptor potential canonical 1 (TRPC1), a widely expressed calcium (Ca(2+))-permeable channel, is potentially involved in the pathogenesis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Ca(2+) influx through stretch-activated channels, possibly formed by TRPC1, induces muscle-cell damage in the mdx mouse, an animal model of DMD. In this study, we showed that TRPC1, caveolin-3 and Src-kinase protein levels are increased in mdx muscle compared with wild type. TRPC1 and caveolin-3 colocalised and co-immunoprecipitated. Direct binding of TRPC1-CFP to caveolin-3-YFP was confirmed in C2 myoblasts by fluorescence energy resonance transfer (FRET). Caveolin-3-YFP targeted TRPC1-CFP to the plasma membrane. Hydrogen peroxide, a reactive oxygen species (ROS), increased Src activity and enhanced Ca(2+) influx, but only in C2 myoblasts co-expressing TRPC1 and caveolin-3. In mdx muscle, Tiron, a ROS scavenger, and PP2, a Src inhibitor, reduced stretch-induced Ca(2+) entry and increased force recovery. Because ROS production is increased in mdx/DMD, these results suggest that a ROS-Src-TRPC1/caveolin-3 pathway contributes to the pathogenesis of mdx/DMD.

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