Generation of blue light-emitting zinc complexes by band-gap control of the oxazolylphenolate ligand system: syntheses, characterizations, and organic light emitting device applications of 4-coordinated bis(2-oxazolylphenolate) zinc(II) complexes

Ho-Jin Son, Won-Sik Han, Ji-Yun Chun, Byoung-Kook Kang, Soon-Nam Kwon, Jaejung Ko, Su Jung Han, Chongmok Lee, Sung Joo Kim, Sang Ook Kang
Inorganic Chemistry 2008 July 7, 47 (13): 5666-76
Color-tunable Zn(II) complexes of the type Zn( N,O-OPh (OxZ)ArX) 2 ( 5), where the ligand consists of an oxazolylphenolate ion connected at the 4-position by a 2,4-substituted aryl functional group with X = NMe 2 a, OMe b, Ph c, Cl d, F 2 e, and CN f, were prepared. X-ray structural studies of 5a, 5b, and 5e showed that a zinc atom was positioned in a distorted tetrahedral coordination environment created by two oxazolylphenolate ligands with N,O-chelation. Hammet plots of absorption and emission maxima, respectively, in UV and photoluminescence (PL) spectra with respect to electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups of the substituents indicate a direct correlation between the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) band gaps and electronic alterations at the ligand sites. A similar correlation was also observed for the reduction and oxidation potentials in cyclic voltammograms (CVs). A gradual increase in the HOMO-LUMO band gap is seen from electron-donating to electron-withdrawing functional groups, NMe 2 < OMe < Ph < Cl < F 2 < CN. An emission peak with a maximum at 455 nm was achieved when the most electron-withdrawing group (cyano) was applied to the oxazolylphenolate ligand system. Density-functional theory (DFT) calculations on the HOMOs and LUMOs for this series lead to a conclusion similar to that arrived at from a blue-shift trend observed in UV data and trends in the CVs. The 4-coordinated zinc complex ( 5c) was shown to be a potential blue-emitting material, exhibiting a maximum efficiency of 1720 cd/m (2) at 17 V with 0.3 cd/A in a multilayered device structure of ITO/NPB/ 5c/BCP/Alq 3/LiF/Al. On the basis of the low HOMO level of this series, 5a was tested as a hole-transporting material; this resulted in the successful fabrication of a multilayered device of ITO/ 5a/DPVBI/Alq 3/LiF/Al with an efficiency of 7000 cd/m (2) at 13 V with 2.0 cd/A.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"