Osteogenesis imperfecta: diagnosis and treatment

Gheorghe Burnei, Costel Vlad, Ileana Georgescu, Traian Stefan Gavriliu, Daniela Dan
Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 2008, 16 (6): 356-66
Osteogenesis imperfecta is a heritable disorder characterized by extremely fragile bones, blue sclerae, dentinogenesis imperfecta, hearing loss, and scoliosis. In 1979, Sillence classified the condition into four types based on genetic and clinical criteria. Three more classifications have subsequently been added. Diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta may be done prenatally (in severe cases), clinically, radiographically, or via biochemical or genetic examination. Medical treatment consists of bisphosphonate use, even in patients younger than age 2 years. Surgical treatment consists of internal splinting of long bones. Research is currently being done on the use of smart intramedullary rods (ie, composed of nitinol shape-memory alloy) for correction of bone deformity and on the use of bone marrow transplantation to increase osteoblast density, thereby reducing fracture frequency.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.