Lymphocyte activation gene-3 fusion protein increases the potency of a granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor-secreting tumor cell immunotherapy

Betty Li, Melinda VanRoey, Frederic Triebel, Karin Jooss
Clinical Cancer Research 2008 June 1, 14 (11): 3545-54

PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-secreting tumor cell immunotherapy, which is known to stimulate a potent and long-lasting antigen-specific immune response in combination with lymphocyte activation gene-3 fusion protein (LAG-3Ig), which has been shown to act as an adjuvant for priming T helper type 1 and cytotoxic T-cell responses.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Survival and immune monitoring studies were done in the B16 melanoma model. GM-CSF-secreting tumor cell immunotherapy was administered as a single s.c. injection and LAG-3Ig was administered s.c. at the immunotherapy site.

RESULTS: The studies reported here show that combining LAG-3Ig with GM-CSF-secreting tumor cell immunotherapy prolonged the survival of tumor-bearing animals compared with animals treated with either therapy alone. Prolonged survival correlated with increased numbers of systemic IFN gamma-secreting CD8+ T cells and a significantly increased infiltration of activated effector CD8+ T cells into the tumor. Moreover, an increase in antigen-specific IgG1 humoral responses was detected in serum of animals injected with the combination therapy compared with animals injected with either therapy alone.

CONCLUSION: LAG-3Ig combined with a GM-CSF-secreting tumor cell immunotherapy stimulated both cellular and humoral antitumor immune responses that correlated with prolonged survival in tumor-bearing animals.

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