Interfacial assemblies of cyanine dyes and gemini amphiphiles with rigid spacers: regulation and interconversion of the aggregates

Guocheng Zhang, Minghua Liu
Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 2008 June 26, 112 (25): 7430-7
A series of gemini amphiphiles with a pyridinium headgroup and rigid spacers were designed, and their interfacial assemblies with cyanine dyes, 3,3-disulfopropyl-9-methyl-selenacarbocyanine (SeCy) and 3,3-disulfopropyl-4,5,4',5'-dibenzo-9-methyl-thiocarbocyanine (MTC), through the air/water interface were investigated. Although the dyes have intrinsic tendencies to form J- or H-aggregates in aqueous solutions, their aggregation could be regulated in the complex films. Depending on the spacer, both J- and H-aggregates were formed for SeCy, whereas an H-aggregate with different absorption bands was obtained for MTC. Furthermore, the formed aggregates in the films could be reversibly switched by treating the complex films with HCl, NH3 gas, or water vapor. The J-aggregates of SeCy could be changed into H-aggregates and recovered through an alternative HCl/NH3 exposure in the films. The H-aggregate of the MTC film could be changed into J-aggregate upon exposure to HCl gas and subsequently put into air or NH 3 gas, and the thus-formed J-aggregate could be changed into H-aggregate under hot water vapor. In addition, such a reversible switch between different aggregates of MTC was only observed when the gemini amphiphiles with rigid spacers were applied. A possible explanation related to the protonation of the dye and the reorganizations in the film during the interconversion between different aggregates was proposed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"