JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Hemorrhoids can be a source of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding that requires transfusion: report of five patients.

PURPOSE: Hemorrhoids have been rarely reported to be a source of transfusion-dependent, obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. We report the diagnosis and management of a series of patients in whom hemorrhoids were the source of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding that was severe enough to require transfusion.

METHODS: Five patients, who presented with severe hematochezia or obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, during a 24-month period had had an extensive workup for gastrointestinal bleeding. All had required transfusion of 2 units or more of blood. In the absence of other causes of bleeding, the five patients had unprepared flexible sigmoidoscopy on the same day that they reported hematochezia to exclude a proximal source of bleeding. All were found to have internal hemorrhoids as a likely source of bleeding, which was confirmed at exploration under anesthesia, and were treated by surgical hemorrhoidectomy.

RESULTS: The five patients underwent surgical, Ferguson-type, hemorrhoidectomy. One patient required 1 unit of blood immediately postoperatively, but none have required further transfusion or reported hematochezia in more than three months of follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: We have shown that hemorrhoids can be a source of transfusion-dependent, obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. This aspect of the common problem of hemorrhoidal bleeding has not been previously reported, which reflects underreporting or missed diagnosis.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app